Threats and conservation measures
Fântână Ciprian, Kovács Istvan, Benkő Zoltán, Daròczi Szilárd, Domșa Cristian, Veres-Szászka Judit (editors), 2022, Atlas of bird species of community interest in Romania, 2nd edition – Love birds, save nature!, Project financed by the European Regional Development Fund through the Large Infrastructure Operational Programme 2014-2020, Ministry of Environment, Water and Forests – Biodiversity Directorate, scientific coordination Romanian Ornithological Society and Association for the Protection of Birds and Nature Milvus Group, produced by EXCLUS PROD SRL, p. p.106-107;
Conservation measures include enforcement of building restrictions in riparian areas, waste management in wetlands, protection of nesting and feeding sites, conservation of forests in the vicinity of aquatic habitats and riparian vegetation, measures to avoid drying and sudden artificial changes in water regime in wetlands. Forestry work to be carried out outside the breeding season. The use of selective and low-toxicity agrochemicals on neighbouring land is encouraged.
It is important to comply with hunting legislation and to monitor its application, through cooperation between environmental protection organisations, hunting organisations, the gendarmerie and the Environmental Guard against poaching.
It is recommended that research be carried out into the impact of the species on commercially exploited resources such as fish species, crustaceans and molluscs in order to match conservation objectives with the activities of the affected sectors.
Last but not least, studies on the inventory of breeding areas, both actual and potential, the identification of migration, feeding and aggregation areas important for the conservation of the species should be encouraged, as well as studies addressing various aspects of the biology of the species, including demographic parameters.