Common Pheasant – Phasianus colchicus
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Class: Aves
- Order: Galiiformes
- Family: Phasianidae
- Genre: Phasianus
- Species: Phasianus colchicus
It is a species of large bird that exhibits marked sexual dimorphism.
The male has a body length of 70 – 90 cm, of which the tail is 35 – 45 cm long. The general plumage colour is brownish, with black streaks on the breast and abdomen, blackish-white streaks on the back, The head and neck are greenish-metallic, sometimes with a white collar and with featherless areas on the sides of the head red. The tail is brownish, with transverse stripes along the length.
Females and juveniles have relatively uniform, brown, heavily streaked plumage.
Females have yellowish-brown plumage, with dark angular spots in the centre of the feathers, body length 55 – 70 cm. The tail, 20 – 25 cm long, is the one that best helps us recognise the female pheasant.
In Romania we find a mixture of hybrids of the breeds known in the native range of the species, generally divided into two groups: torquatus, in which the males have a complete white collar, and colchicus, with males lacking the white collar completely.